This is sometimes described as "positive action." signed by President John F.Kennedy on 6 March 1961, which included a provision that government contractors "take affirmative action to ensure that applicants are employed, and employees are treated during employment, without regard to their race, creed, color, or national origin." It was used to promote actions that achieve non-discrimination. Johnson issued Executive Order 11246 which required government employers to take "affirmative action" to "hire without regard to race, religion and national origin".The nature of affirmative action policies varies from region to region.
During this period, contractors grew their shares of these groups more rapidly than noncontractors because of the implementation of affirmative action.affirmative action is rendered illegal because it does not treat all races equally.This approach to equal treatment is described as being "color blind." In such countries, the focus tends to be on ensuring equal opportunity and, for example, targeted advertising campaigns to encourage ethnic minority candidates to join the police force.A further study by Kim and Kim (2014) considered the impact of four primary factors on support for affirmative action programs for women: gender; political factors; psychological factors; and social structure.They found that, "Affirmative action both corrects existing unfair treatment and gives women equal opportunity in the future." Law regarding quotas and affirmative action varies widely from nation to nation.But the positive effect of affirmative action vanished entirely in the late 1980s, which Kurtulus says may be due to the slowdown into advanced occupation for women and minorities because of the political shift of affirmative action that started by President Reagan.